Does COVID-19 Lower Sperm Count In Patients?

COVID-19 has not just had a negative influence on our physical, emotional, and financial health but our pregnancy plans as well. Yes, it has been observed to cause low sperm count and sperm mobility; however, it has not been linked with infertility.

Dr. Hrishikesh Pai Created on 4th Feb, 22

Covid-19 has had an adverse effect on every part of our lives. The fatal virus harmed our health, income, and happiness, and it appears to have also affected one's pregnancy. More and more people are wondering if covid-19 lowers the sperm count. Does it stand in the way of your greatest joy—the birth of your child?

According to recent studies, COVID infection can reduce your chances of pregnancy following the initial infection.


If your desire to have a baby has been impacted in any way, please consult with Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, one of the best gynecologists in Mumbai. He will assist you in addressing any health problems you may have, including those you are unaware of, to reduce the risk of avoidable difficulties for you and your child throughout pregnancy and childbirth.


Please continue reading to learn more about the virus and how it affects pregnancy.


How does COVID-19 affect our body?

Our bodies have a difficult time dealing with coronavirus infections. When the virus multiplies in the respiratory system, it affects a number of organs, resulting in long-term consequences. From fatigue to brain fog, the effect of the infectious condition might be seen for several months after the recovery period. 


Studies have shown that the COVID infection can result in a decrease in sperm count. From the start of the pandemic, experts have been following the disease's negative impact on male fertility. 


The research was stepped up after the discovery that coronavirus impacts men more seriously than female patients, probably due to the virus's transmission method.


Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, a top-notch gynecologist in Mumbai, says that trouble with getting pregnant after COVID-19 recovery can also be linked to psychosocial stress, isolation, and depression caused by illness or worldwide lockdown. These factors are known to hamper sexual desire in both men and women, thus lowering the chances of pregnancy.


How is COVID more harmful to men’s fertility?

According to researchers, SARS-CoV-2 must attach to an ACE2 (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2) to enter and begin replicating in the human body. ACE2 is a protein present on the surface of the cells in your lungs, mouth, heart, and other areas of the body. 


men’s fertility

The SARS-CoV-2 virus connects to ACE2 using a spike-shaped protein on its exterior, similar to a key put into a lock, before entering and infecting cells. As a result, ACE2 serves as a cellular receptor for the COVID-19 virus.


The male testis has the highest amount of ACE2 expression of all the body tissues, raising concerns about it becoming a target for viral attacks and damage.


Will male COVID patients experience infertility?


Data shows that fertility and sex drive may be affected specifically in male patients who had been infected severely and hospitalized. Following are some results shown by research studies:


  • Around 19% of the patients had scrotal irritation indicating virus-induced swelling in one research.


  • In a Chinese survey of males who had fathered with no reproductive help before, 39% showed a low sperm count during recovery. In 61% of cases, their sperm function was impaired.


  • In another study, 33% of the sperm samples showed poor sperm quality and reduction in swimming capacity. 25% of the patients said they felt low libido, and one said he could not get an erection. Significant hormonal imbalances were also observed, indicating fertility issues.


  • In an Iranian survey, the semen samples of patients were analyzed every 10 days for 2 months. They revealed imbalances of antioxidants and free radicals, inflammation, and activity of pathways that enable the death of sperm cells. Sperm concentration was lowered by more than 500%, while its swimming ability was reduced by more than 200%.


We do not know to what extent factors besides the SARS-CoV-2 virus drive these changes. Hydroxychloroquine and antivirals are also known to have a temporary harmful effect on sperm.


However, you do not have to panic or lose hope, advises Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, an exceptionally skilled fertility specialist in Mumbai. He says it usually takes 2-3 months post COVID-19 recovery to regain the normal sperm count. Please discuss your plans and pregnancy goals with him so he can advise and guide you in achieving your dream.



COVID-19 has not just had a negative influence on our physical, emotional, and financial health but our pregnancy plans as well. Yes, it has been observed to cause low sperm count and sperm mobility; however, it has not been linked with infertility.



It is only a momentary stumbling block. You can conquer this hurdle and arrive at your happy destination with enough time. By staying cautious, you can beat the bad times in the form of Covid-19 and win the greatest joy of your life—your kid.


If you notice any changes in your sexual behavior or are considering a pregnancy post-recovery, please do not hesitate to meet Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, one of the most trusted and respected gynecologists in Mumbai. He provides the most advanced diagnostics and treatments for a wide range of problems that may be affecting your daily life and probably your fertility.