Do you experience irregular menstrual cycles?
Do you get a lot of bleeding during periods?
Are you experiencing difficulty conceiving a child?
If this is the case, you should be checked for PCOD. With over decades of experience, our PCOD specialists provide advanced and result-oriented PCOD treatment in Mumbai. They will also help you manage and treat your PCOD condition based on your test results to ensure an effective treatment.
Moreover, our team comprises highly qualified and experienced gynaecologist in Mumbai who prescribes the most effective PCOD treatment to achieve a successful pregnancy. Continue reading to learn more about PCOD, its effects on fertility, and PCOD treatments. Now, let's know,
What does PCOD mean?
Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is a condition in which a woman's ovaries generate smaller follicular cysts due to hormonal abnormalities. Follicular cysts are immature eggs that do not break out from the ovary. Between 12 to 45 years, roughly 5% to 10% of women suffer from PCOD.
PCOD is characterized by irregular or missing menstrual cycles. It can cause weight gain, acne, hair loss, excessive hair growth on the body, and infertility if left untreated. The ovaries expand in PCOD. Also, there is an excess of production androgen (male reproductive hormone) and oestrogen. PCOD is often diagnosed during an ultrasound that is used to determine the source of monthly menstrual irregularities. Women often misunderstand PCOD as a cause of infertility. However, this is not the case. PCOD does not affect the fertility of some women.
Around 80% of women can conceive and have a stress-free pregnancy with effective PCOD treatment in Mumbai. However, for the other 20% of PCOD sufferers who are overweight, conceiving may be problematic. Our highly experienced fertility and PCOD doctors in Mumbai have successfully helped hundreds of PCOD, and unexplained infertility patients conceive. Let's have a look at them,
Causes of PCOD
PCOD's actual cause is unknown. PCOD can be caused by:
- Severe inflammation
- Insulin resistance
- Junk food addiction
- Hormone imbalances
What are the Symptoms of PCOD?
Some of the most prevalent PCOD symptoms are as follows:
- Heavy bleeding during periods, caused by uterine lining thickening over time.
- Around 70% of PCOD women have hirsutism, or excessive hair growth on the face and body, such as the chest, abdomen, and back. They produce thicker and darker facial hair.
- Hair thinning or falling out.
- Severe acne
- Obesity or overweight
What effect does PCOD have on a woman's body?
Androgen levels that are excessively high can affect a woman's fertility and cause other health issues. Women with PCOD are more likely to suffer:
- Apnea (sleep deprivation)
- Metabolic syndrome
- Endometrial cancer
The management of PCOD is possible by exercising, dietary changes, and the use of certain medications. The treatment's main goal is to restore fertility by regularising menses, inducing timely ovulation with ovulation induction drugs, treating acne and hirsutism, controlling blood sugar levels, and maintaining a healthy BMI.
1. Lifestyle and Diet Changes
The first step in controlling PCOD for a woman attempting to conceive is to improve her lifestyle. It includes eating a well-balanced diet and exercising regularly. For a PCOD woman, low carbohydrate and low glycemic diets are the most helpful. They should exercise for at least 30 minutes thrice a week.
Women who have intermittent ovulation despite making lifestyle adjustments may require fertility medication to assist them in releasing an egg from the ovary. Doctors prescribe certain fertility drugs as the first line of treatment to PCOD patients who do not ovulate and conceive.
If ovulation induction with low-dose gonadotrophins alone or letrozole/clomiphene fails to achieve pregnancy, the patient can choose for ovulation induction with low-dose gonadotrophins alone or letrozole/clomiphene. In some cases, the patient may be subjected to laparoscopy with ovarian drilling (only four drills per ovary to avoid ovarian reserve injury).
3. Fertility Injections
In some PCOD patients, fertility tablets do not result in ovulation or conception. Fertility shots are required to release an egg. The fertility injections contain the same hormones generated by the brain. It signals the ovary to start producing eggs.
Fertility injection can produce two or three eggs per month instead of only one. This treatment involves more frequent transvaginal ultrasounds and many blood tests to determine the level of estradiol in the patient.
4. Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)
- If everything else fails, these patients may need to undergo IVF to have a healthy pregnancy. Instead of employing HCG and GnRH injections to trigger oocyte maturity, your PCOD specialist in Mumbai will recommend IVF.
- In this scenario, doctors utilize regular fertility injections to induce the ovaries to produce several eggs. Doctors harvest these ovaries with a simple procedure. The fertilization of eggs takes place in the lab.
- Further, an embryologist transfers the embryo (fertilized egg) into the uterus of the mother. The patient can freeze extra embryos for later use.
- If the initial IVF cycle fails, the embryologist will return one or two months later to transfer frozen embryos back into the womb. This segmentation method can eliminate the feared Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) adverse effects.
Please schedule an appointment with one of our PCOD doctors in Mumbai to receive the most effective PCOD treatment.