Generally, the average age for a woman to go through menopause is 51 years. But due to some reason, either medical or genetics, around 1% of women go through menopause before they reach 40. It is called premature menopause. For another 5% of women, menopause occurs before 45 years, termed as early menopause.
Undergoing premature menopause comes with a series of emotional and physical concerns, one significant being that the woman cannot get pregnant.
If you think you are heading for premature menopause, you can visit Budget Fertility Center for comprehensive premature menopause treatment in Mumbai.
We have some of the most experienced gynaecologist in Mumbai who are expert in complex gynaecological issues and women’s health. They are committed to treating their patients with sensitivity and first-class medical care offering result-oriented solutions.
They have the vast knowledge and expertise to manage cases of premature menopause and help women who want to have children.
Premature Menopause Overview
Menopause is a normal ageing process that indicates the end of the menstruation cycle in women. You are said to be in menopause when you have missed having periods for more than twelve months.
It occurs when the ovaries do not produce eggs leading to low estrogen levels. It is the hormone that regulates the reproductive cycle.
Premature menopause is a condition where the women stop having her periods permanently before 40 years, which is earlier than usual.
The onset of premature menopause can be natural or due to a medical condition, medication, or surgery, such as removing both ovaries or chemotherapy.
Many of the symptoms and causes of premature and early menopause are the same. The only difference between them is age. The former happens before 40 years and the latter before 45 years of age.
What are the symptoms of premature menopause?
Some common symptoms of premature menopause are similar to the ones experienced by women undergoing natural menopause:
- Heavier or lighter periods than usual
- Missed or irregular periods
- Hot flashes
All the above symptoms indicate that there is less production of estrogen by the ovaries.
Apart from these symptoms, you may also experience:
- Mood swings and irritability
- Vaginal dryness
- Dry mouth, eyes, and skin
- Loss of bladder control
- Changes in sex drive
- Trouble sleeping
- Weight gain
- Muscle and joint pain
What are the causes of premature menopause?
Premature menopause can be natural or due to a medical issue or procedure. Some of the possible causes are:
- Undergone hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)
- Have surgically removed the ovaries
- Family history of early menopause
- Undergone radiation or chemotherapy
- Have an autoimmune disease, including inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Graves’ disease, or hypothyroidism
- Chromosomal abnormalities, such as Turner’s syndrome, Fragile X
- AIDS, HIV
- Certain infections like mumps
If you have any of the above conditions and you are under 40, then you should consult a doctor to verify whether you are undergoing premature menopause:
What are the risks of premature menopause?
There are potential risks of several medical issues due to loss of estrogen at an early age, such as:
- Heart disease
- Neurological diseases, including dementia
- Mood disorder
- Sexual dysfunction
- Premature death
- Ovarian or colon cancer
- Cataract formation
- Gum disease and tooth loss
How is premature menopause diagnosed?
Our gynaecologists at Budget Fertility Center diagnose premature menopause by performing a physical exam and asking you to undergo thyroid and pregnancy tests to rule out these conditions.
Further, you will have to undergo weekly tests to measure follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estrogen levels to confirm the diagnosis of premature menopause.
The doctors may ask for additional tests to verify the cause of premature menopause in order to evaluate the risks and recommend precise treatment for the same.
You may have to get an Anti-Mullerian hormone test to check the functioning of the ovaries to see if you have chances to conceive.
What are the treatments for premature menopause?
The premature menopause treatment in Mumbai at our clinic, Budget Fertility Center, depends on the causes and the health risks associated with the early onset of menopause.
Our expert gynaecologist in Mumbai may recommend hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to manage the symptoms and conditions related to premature menopause.
As menopause occurs early, HRT helps with hormones to support the body until you reach the age of natural menopause.
After that, the gynaecologist will decide whether to continue with the treatment or not based on each patient’s unique condition and needs.
Is it possible to get pregnant after being diagnosed with premature menopause?
If a woman with premature menopause wishes to conceive, our gynaecologist may suggest IVF. Donor eggs are used for the same. After fertilizing them in the laboratory, they are transferred to your uterus. The success of the treatment will depend on your overall health and age.
Apart from IVF with a donor egg, you can opt for surrogacy or adoption. Our gynaecologist in Mumbai, who are expert in fertility treatments, will discuss the different options available for becoming a parent.