Menopause is the phase in a woman’s life when her menstrual cycle or periods stop permanently. Hence, she can no longer get pregnant naturally. Typically, periods become less frequent over a few months or years before stopping entirely. They can come to a halt at any time.
Menopause is a natural part of the aging process when a woman's oestrogen levels begin to fall between 45 to 55 years of age. However, only about one in every 100 women reaches menopause before the age of 40. Healthcare professionals medically describe it as premature ovarian insufficiency or premature menopause.
Menopause can cause severe physical and mental changes due to hormonal imbalance. Following menopause, women often suffer from vaginal dryness, hair thinning, weight gain, tender breasts, urinary tract infections, increased urination, decreased bone or muscle mass, migraines, and painful joints.
Many women do not require treatment to manage the symptoms of menopause. Sometimes, you may not find the symptoms distressing, or they may go away entirely without any treatment. However, some experience persisting, severe symptoms that may need medical attention.
Budget Fertility Center comprises a team of highly experienced specialists who endeavour to provide the most-effective menopause treatment in Mumbai.
Changing one's dietary choices and increasing physical activity can assist some women. Others may require medication to relieve their symptoms. If your menopause symptoms are bothering you, speak with one of our expert gynecologists in Mumbai about alleviating them.
If you are seeking menopause treatment in Mumbai, this article can help. Scroll down to know more.
Treatment for Menopause
- If you are having trouble with menopausal symptoms or experiencing them before 45, talk to your doctor.
- Usually, they can tell if you are menopausal based on your symptoms. But if you are under 45, your doctor may recommend a blood test to check your hormone levels.
- If you experience severe menopausal symptoms interfering with your daily life, our menopause specialist may recommend medications and lifestyle changes.
These are some of them:
1. Hormone replacement therapy
- Hormone therapy (HT) is one of the government-approved treatments to relieve menopausal symptoms. This treatment includes medications that contain female hormones.
- The therapy helps replace the oestrogen that your body stops producing when you reach menopause.
- HT may include pills, gels, skin patches, and implants that alleviate menopausal symptoms by replacing oestrogen in the body.
- Hormonal therapy can help with hot flashes, sleep problems, and vaginal dryness. These are the frequent symptoms resulting from reduced oestrogen levels during menopause. Osteoporosis prevention is also possible with HT.
2. Vaginal estrogen therapy
- It is the most effective treatment for severe menopausal hot flashes and night sweats.
- Furthermore, oestrogen can help with menopausal vaginal symptoms like dryness, itching, burning, and painful intercourse.
- Vaginal oestrogen creams, lubricants, or moisturizers for vaginal dryness are available.
3. Low-dose antidepressants
- Certain antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), can reduce menopausal hot flashes.
- Women who can't take oestrogen for health reasons or need an antidepressant for mood disorder may benefit from a low-dose antidepressant for hot flashes management.
- Antidepressants may also help with other vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause, including night sweats and skin flushing.
- In some trials, certain low-dose antidepressants have improved sleep quality in women going through menopause.
- Remember, antidepressants are only known to aid with the symptoms mentioned above. Hormone therapy may be more beneficial in treating other menopause symptoms.
4. Gabapentin (Neurontin, Gralise, Horizant)
- Gabapentin has long been used to treat epilepsy and migraine headaches. For postmenopausal women who experience hot flashes, it could be a viable option for hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
- According to research, the medicine gabapentin, available under the brand name Neurontin, can lower the frequency and intensity of hot flashes.
- Compared to a placebo, extended-release gabapentin may lower the number and intensity of hot flashes and improve sleep issues in postmenopausal women.
5. Clonidine (Kapvay, Catapres)
- Clonidine, a tablet or patch commonly used to regulate high blood pressure, may help with hot flashes. Often, doctors prescribe it as the first-line medication to treat menopausal symptoms.
- Clonidine has been shown to relieve the symptoms of menopausal hot flushes in roughly 40% of women. This medicine helps treat menopausal hot flushes in women who are not on hormone therapy. However, dizziness, irritability, nausea, and dry mouth are common side effects of clonidine medication.
6. Medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis
- Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones get abnormally thin, weak, and prone to fracture. Due to decreasing oestrogen levels, a female hormone that helps maintain bone mass, women are at a higher risk for osteoporosis after menopause.
- Fortunately, our seasoned doctors prescribe menopause treatments in Mumbai that may help maintain or improve your bone density.
- If you have been diagnosed with osteoporosis, some treatments can help prevent bone loss or increase bone density.
- Eating a good diet, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking are some of the most significant factors that may prevent osteoporosis.
- Our menopause specialists may prescribe medicine to prevent or treat osteoporosis, depending on the patient's needs.
- Several drugs can help prevent bone loss and fractures. The doctor may prescribe vitamin D supplements to strengthen your bones.
7. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
It is a talk therapy that can help with anxiety and depression resulting from hormonal changes during menopause.
Maintaining a healthy weight and being fit and strong can help alleviate specific menopausal symptoms by eating a healthy, balanced diet and exercising regularly.
Talk to our experts about the various menopause treatment in Mumbai the risks and benefits of each before deciding on a course of therapy. Your needs and treatment choices may change over time, so review your options yearly.
Signs and Symptoms of Menopause
Menopausal symptoms affect the majority of women. Some of these might be quite serious and have a substantial effect on your routine activities.
A few of the common symptoms include:
- vaginal dryness
- hot flushes
- night sweats
- sleeping problems
- pain during intercourse
- reduced sexual desire
- low mood or anxiety
Menopausal symptoms can start months or even years before your periods' end and persist for about four years, though some women feel them for much longer.
Causes of Menopause
- Menopause is triggered by a change in the body's sex hormone balance, which happens as you age.
- It occurs when your ovaries stop releasing adequate oestrogen and fail to release an egg each month.
- Premature or early menopause can strike at any age, with no apparent cause in many cases.
- It can be brought on by a treatment, such as an oophorectomy, some breast cancer treatments, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy, or it can be caused by an underlying disorder, such as Down's syndrome or Addison's disease.
Complications Associated with Menopause
Few of the prevalent menopause complications include:
- slower metabolic function
- vulvovaginal atrophy
- painful intercourse
- mood or sudden emotional swings
- osteoporosis, or weaker bones with lower mass and strength
- periodontal disease
- heart or blood vessel conditions